Dacia, founded in 1966, is the first car manufacturer born in Romania. He worked under Renault license from 1968 until 1999, the French firm acquired 51% of its shares. Finally, in 2003, the Group purchased the 99.3% of the capital of Dacia in order to be placed in the market of central and Eastern Europe. In 2000, Dacia reached a market share of 50% in Romania.
Beginning of Dacia
Low profile but with admirable constancy, Dacia produces cars since 1966 for mass consumption. It is the first car manufacturer created in Romania, although most of the work he has done has been with French patent Renault, group that started to work since 1968. In that same year, Dacia implements its main factory located in Coliba?i (now called Mioveni), near Pitesti.
The first car that marketed was the Dacia 1100, designed with the license of the R8 from Renault (model R12 Dacia licensed could not get lower). Between 1968 and 1972, there were 44 thousand units of this model with some aesthetic variations on the front panel. It also created a model with only two headlights (the original has four) and a more powerful engine that was used by the police and fans of racing.
Finally Dacia could acquire the license of the Renault R12 and thus designed the Dacia 1300. Car, presented in the halls of Bucharest and Paris, had excellent reception in Romania and the following year went out with some changes, but they were reserved to the Communist Party Nomenklatura. The Dacia 1300 was marketed in different versions until 2006.
In the Hall of Bucharest of 1979, Dacia presented the 1310 with the name Dacia must, based on the Renault 12 from 1975 with some changes. That same year produced the 1310 Sport and designed the prototype of a coup? called Brasov which came to light in 1983 (used by pilots of rally as Nicu Grigoras).
Then appeared the Dacia 2000 with few units and two colors, dark blue and black. An exclusive car reserved for elites. In 1981 and 1982 produced successes in sales as the Dacia 1302 Coup?, the Dacia 1304 pick-up and the Dacia 1305 Dropside, which were available until 2005.
Dacia was still delighted with the variations of the Renault 12, so it produced new versions between 1995 and 2000 under the name Dacia Nova. In 1999 Renault finally bought most of the shares of the company with the aim of acquiring a presence in the area of Europe covered by Dacia. Since then, the Romanian company officially belongs to Renault (in the 2003 Renault acquired the 99.3% of the capital).
Under the auspices of this new partnership, Dacia launched the replacement of the Nova, the Dacia SuperNova, with engine, gearbox Renault and air conditioning system. For 2002, Dacia sold 53,000 vehicles per year and had a market share of almost 50% in Romania. Renault invested 500 million dollars in conditioning the Pitesti plant.
In this decade, Dacia put into circulation its first models to own authorship: Dacia Logan in 2004, Dacia Sandero in 2007 and the Dacia Duster in 2010.