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History of Renault

Renault, based in Boulogne-Billancourt, is one of the pioneers of the French automotive industry (together with Peugeot). It is one of the leading manufacturers in the sector across Europe, and 11, according to the OICA 2006 study ranks worldwide. Its slogan is Cr?ateur d'automobiles, i.e. 'creator cars'.

Renault has an active participation of 44.4% in Nissan, while Nissan owns 15% of the shares of Renault in turn. Both companies maintain a strong alliance, while fully retaining its autonomy. In addition Renault owns Samsung Motors and Dacia.

It was founded in 1898 by Louis Renault, together with his brothers Marcel and Fernand, as well as Francois Pefaure; under the name of Renault Fr?res. After the death of Marcel Renault in 1903, and Fernand Renault in 1907, the society remained in the hands of Louis Renault and changed its name to "Soci?t? des Automobiles Renault".

The first cars that were manufactured were aimed at affluent people, with an approximate cost of 3,000 francs. Considering that such limited market, they began to manufacture trucks and taxis. When world war I broke out in 1914, Renault began to produce ammunition, military aircraft and tanks. After the war diversified activities, dabbling with agricultural machinery and aircraft engines. The first network of distributors was formed in 1920.

During the second world war, the factories of the company supported the nazi army, so Louis Renault was subsequently imprisoned (in 1944), and was behind bars, possibly murdered. The factories were confiscated by the provisional Government; nationalised with the name of R?gie Nationale des Usines Renault (Renault factories national network).

In 1986 the French Government raised its privatization, and a decade later (July 1996) was completely unrelated State administration. Between 1979 and 1987, Renault was owner of most of American Motors Corporation (AMC), which would be later sold to Chrysler.

In the 2000s emerged some difficulties for Renault, due to reasons such as the saturation of the automotive market in Europe and ageing range of Renault models. Although in 2005 came the Clio III - with undeniable success, three cars created for a wide range were a resounding commercial flop: the Avantime (luxury minivan), the Vel Satis (premium sedan) and the Modus (micro MPV of city).

Sales of the mark continued to fall an average of 8% per year, and lose the market share at a worrying pace. Recently in 2009 the sales quota left lower, showing positive signs (with the Megane as main architect range).

Currently, studies open a manufacturing plant in Israel. In the present, Renault has plans to develop a supercar, whose development could crystallize in the year 2011.

Photo Gallery of Renault

Renault Cars Reviews

Renault 12

Renault 12

Marketed for nearly 12 years during 1969-1980 by the French Automobile Company Renault, the Renault 12 is out and out a family car. The car is available in two forms as saloon as well as estate.

Renault Master

Renault Master

In all the presented automobiles, this Renault master is a high standard van and big in size that is manufactured by a French company named Renault from 1980 and continued till now to its third generation.

Renault Fluence

Renault Fluence

Manufactured by a French automaker, Fluence is a family car in the small car segment manufactured by Renault. This car is manufactured for Latin American market at the Santa Isabel Factory, Cordoba, Argentina and the Oyk-Renault plant, Bursa, Turkey.

Technical characteristics of Renault Models

Name Year Power Fuel
1 Renault Laguna II Sport Tourer 2.0 dCi 2006 150HP (110 kW) @ 4000 rpm 6 l/100km
2 Renault Grand Scenic II 2.0 16v 2006 134HP (99 kW) @ 5500 rpm 8.2 l/100km
3 Renault Clio II 1.5 dCi Generation 2004 2003 99HP (73 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.3 l/100km
4 Renault Fuego Turbo 1980 133HP (98 kW) @ 5500 rpm 9.3 l/100km
5 Renault Megane II Sport Sedan 1.5 dCi 2003 81HP (59 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.5 l/100km
6 Renault Modus 1.5 dCi 2007 85HP (62 kW) @ 3750 rpm 4.5 l/100km
7 Renault 9 GTS 1982 73HP (53 kW) @ 5750 rpm 9.3 l/100km
8 Renault Vel Satis 3.5 V6 RVS01 2001 238HP (175 kW) @ 6000 rpm 11.5 l/100km
9 Renault 11 TC 1982 48HP (35 kW) @ 5250 rpm 9.3 l/100km
10 Renault 19 TRE 1988 55HP (41 kW) @ 5000 rpm 9.3 l/100km
11 Renault Espace 1988 121HP (89 kW) @ 5500 rpm 9.3 l/100km
12 Renault Megane Break 1.6 16v Automatic 2002 106HP (78 kW) @ 5750 rpm 7.5 l/100km
13 Renault Be Bop SUV 2003 112HP (82 kW) @ 6000 rpm 5.8 l/100km
14 Renault Clio 1.5 dCi DPF 2009 105HP (78 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.7 l/100km
15 Renault Clio II 1.6 RXE 1998 89HP (65 kW) @ 5250 rpm 7.6 l/100km

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