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History of Renault

Renault, based in Boulogne-Billancourt, is one of the pioneers of the French automotive industry (together with Peugeot). It is one of the leading manufacturers in the sector across Europe, and 11, according to the OICA 2006 study ranks worldwide. Its slogan is Cr?ateur d'automobiles, i.e. 'creator cars'.

Renault has an active participation of 44.4% in Nissan, while Nissan owns 15% of the shares of Renault in turn. Both companies maintain a strong alliance, while fully retaining its autonomy. In addition Renault owns Samsung Motors and Dacia.

It was founded in 1898 by Louis Renault, together with his brothers Marcel and Fernand, as well as Francois Pefaure; under the name of Renault Fr?res. After the death of Marcel Renault in 1903, and Fernand Renault in 1907, the society remained in the hands of Louis Renault and changed its name to "Soci?t? des Automobiles Renault".

The first cars that were manufactured were aimed at affluent people, with an approximate cost of 3,000 francs. Considering that such limited market, they began to manufacture trucks and taxis. When world war I broke out in 1914, Renault began to produce ammunition, military aircraft and tanks. After the war diversified activities, dabbling with agricultural machinery and aircraft engines. The first network of distributors was formed in 1920.

During the second world war, the factories of the company supported the nazi army, so Louis Renault was subsequently imprisoned (in 1944), and was behind bars, possibly murdered. The factories were confiscated by the provisional Government; nationalised with the name of R?gie Nationale des Usines Renault (Renault factories national network).

In 1986 the French Government raised its privatization, and a decade later (July 1996) was completely unrelated State administration. Between 1979 and 1987, Renault was owner of most of American Motors Corporation (AMC), which would be later sold to Chrysler.

In the 2000s emerged some difficulties for Renault, due to reasons such as the saturation of the automotive market in Europe and ageing range of Renault models. Although in 2005 came the Clio III - with undeniable success, three cars created for a wide range were a resounding commercial flop: the Avantime (luxury minivan), the Vel Satis (premium sedan) and the Modus (micro MPV of city).

Sales of the mark continued to fall an average of 8% per year, and lose the market share at a worrying pace. Recently in 2009 the sales quota left lower, showing positive signs (with the Megane as main architect range).

Currently, studies open a manufacturing plant in Israel. In the present, Renault has plans to develop a supercar, whose development could crystallize in the year 2011.

Photo Gallery of Renault

Renault Cars Reviews

Renault Twingo

Renault Twingo

Presented to the world market for the first time in September, 1992 at the Paris Motor Show, the city car, the Twingo is manufactured by Renault. Primarily, Its first generation was launched to the continental European markets in 1993, while the second generation of the car was launched to the market in the summers of 2007.

Renault Traffic

Renault Traffic

With a joint venture, rebadged simple commercial vans like Nissan Primastar, Renault Traffic and Opel Vivaro were created and earlier series of Renault Traffic was sold by Chevrolet company and its original and unique generation is at present traded by Tata Motors in India. And in this regard, Opel has made it sure that they are going to manufacture the next invention Vivaro in 2013 as the GSM Luton plant where automobiles are manufactured.

Renault Kangoo

Renault Kangoo

Since 1997, the Kangoo Express and Renault Kangoo are leisure activity and panel van vehicles manufactured by a French automaker, named as Renault. The Kangoo is produced at the plant of MCA in various places such as Maubeuge in France, Casablanca in Morocco and Santa Isabel in Argentina.

Technical characteristics of Renault Models

Name Year Power Fuel
1 Renault Megane Coupe 1.6 16v Automatic 1996 106HP (78 kW) @ 5750 rpm 7.3 l/100km
2 Renault Talisman 2001 n/a 11.6 l/100km
3 Renault Megane II Sport Tourer 1.9 dCi 2006 109HP (80 kW) @ 4000 rpm 5.8 l/100km
4 Renault Laguna II Sport Tourer 2.2 dCi Automatic 2005 109HP (80 kW) @ 4000 rpm 7.7 l/100km
5 Renault Grand Espace IV 1.9 dCI 2002 114HP (84 kW) @ 4000 rpm 6.8 l/100km
6 Renault Scenic II 1.9 dCi 2006 109HP (80 kW) @ 4000 rpm 6 l/100km
7 Renault Clio II 1.6 RXE 1998 89HP (65 kW) @ 5250 rpm 7.6 l/100km
8 Renault Scenic II 2.0 2003 135HP (99 kW) @ 5500 rpm 8 l/100km
9 Renault Scenic II 1.4 2003 97HP (71 kW) @ 6000 rpm 7.2 l/100km
10 Renault Megane II Sport Sedan 1.9 dCi 2006 115HP (85 kW) @ 4000 rpm 5.6 l/100km
11 Renault 4TL 1979 34HP (25 kW) @ 5000 rpm 9.3 l/100km
12 Renault Modus 1.6 2004 112HP (82 kW) @ 6000 rpm 6.8 l/100km
13 Renault Victoria Rothschild DG 1913 n/a 9.3 l/100km
14 Renault Latitude 2.0 16v 2010 140HP (103 kW) @ 6000 rpm 7.9 l/100km
15 Renault Clio II 1.5 dCi Generation 2004 2003 99HP (73 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.3 l/100km

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