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History of Renault

Renault, based in Boulogne-Billancourt, is one of the pioneers of the French automotive industry (together with Peugeot). It is one of the leading manufacturers in the sector across Europe, and 11, according to the OICA 2006 study ranks worldwide. Its slogan is Cr?ateur d'automobiles, i.e. 'creator cars'.

Renault has an active participation of 44.4% in Nissan, while Nissan owns 15% of the shares of Renault in turn. Both companies maintain a strong alliance, while fully retaining its autonomy. In addition Renault owns Samsung Motors and Dacia.

It was founded in 1898 by Louis Renault, together with his brothers Marcel and Fernand, as well as Francois Pefaure; under the name of Renault Fr?res. After the death of Marcel Renault in 1903, and Fernand Renault in 1907, the society remained in the hands of Louis Renault and changed its name to "Soci?t? des Automobiles Renault".

The first cars that were manufactured were aimed at affluent people, with an approximate cost of 3,000 francs. Considering that such limited market, they began to manufacture trucks and taxis. When world war I broke out in 1914, Renault began to produce ammunition, military aircraft and tanks. After the war diversified activities, dabbling with agricultural machinery and aircraft engines. The first network of distributors was formed in 1920.

During the second world war, the factories of the company supported the nazi army, so Louis Renault was subsequently imprisoned (in 1944), and was behind bars, possibly murdered. The factories were confiscated by the provisional Government; nationalised with the name of R?gie Nationale des Usines Renault (Renault factories national network).

In 1986 the French Government raised its privatization, and a decade later (July 1996) was completely unrelated State administration. Between 1979 and 1987, Renault was owner of most of American Motors Corporation (AMC), which would be later sold to Chrysler.

In the 2000s emerged some difficulties for Renault, due to reasons such as the saturation of the automotive market in Europe and ageing range of Renault models. Although in 2005 came the Clio III - with undeniable success, three cars created for a wide range were a resounding commercial flop: the Avantime (luxury minivan), the Vel Satis (premium sedan) and the Modus (micro MPV of city).

Sales of the mark continued to fall an average of 8% per year, and lose the market share at a worrying pace. Recently in 2009 the sales quota left lower, showing positive signs (with the Megane as main architect range).

Currently, studies open a manufacturing plant in Israel. In the present, Renault has plans to develop a supercar, whose development could crystallize in the year 2011.

Photo Gallery of Renault

Renault Cars Reviews

Renault 12

Renault 12

Marketed for nearly 12 years during 1969-1980 by the French Automobile Company Renault, the Renault 12 is out and out a family car. The car is available in two forms as saloon as well as estate.

Renault Twizy

Renault Twizy

The Renault Twizy is an electric vehicle that runs with the help of a battery and contains two seats. This car is officially considered as a heavy quadricycle or a light quadricycle for Urban 45 model of lower power in Europe, manufactured by Renault in an entire Valladolid in Spain.

Renault Kangoo

Renault Kangoo

Since 1997, the Kangoo Express and Renault Kangoo are leisure activity and panel van vehicles manufactured by a French automaker, named as Renault. The Kangoo is produced at the plant of MCA in various places such as Maubeuge in France, Casablanca in Morocco and Santa Isabel in Argentina.

Technical characteristics of Renault Models

Name Year Power Fuel
1 Renault 11 Automatic 1982 73HP (53 kW) @ 5250 rpm 9.3 l/100km
2 Renault Grand Scenic 2.0 dCi 160 FAP 2009 160HP (118 kW) @ 3750 rpm 6.6 l/100km
3 Renault Laguna II 2.2 dCi 16v Automatic 2002 150HP (110 kW) @ 4000 rpm 7.6 l/100km
4 Renault Torino GR 1982 141HP (104 kW) @ 4500 rpm 5.9 l/100km
5 Renault Megane II Hatchback 1.4 16v 2002 97HP (71 kW) @ 6000 rpm 6.7 l/100km
6 Renault Grand Scenic 1.5 dCi 105 2009 105HP (77 kW) @ 4000 rpm 5.1 l/100km
7 Renault Laguna Sport Tourer 2.0 dCi 130 2007 129HP (95 kW) @ 4000 rpm 6.1 l/100km
8 Renault Laguna II 1.8 16v Sport Tourer 2000 117HP (86 kW) @ 5750 rpm 7.7 l/100km
9 Renault DeZir 2010 n/a n/a
10 Renault Clio III 1.5 dCi 2005 67HP (50 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.6 l/100km
11 Renault Symbol 1.5 dCi 2008 85HP (62 kW) @ 3750 rpm 4.3 l/100km
12 Renault Scenic Energy dCi 130 2011 130HP (95 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.4 l/100km
13 Renault 4TL 1979 34HP (25 kW) @ 5000 rpm 9.3 l/100km
14 Renault Clio 2.0 16v Automatic 2006 138HP (102 kW) @ 6000 rpm 7.9 l/100km
15 Renault Clio Sport Tourer 1.5 dCi 2009 105HP (78 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.6 l/100km

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