Saab It is a car manufacturer who was born in Link?ping, Sweden, in 1937. He was founded as a company of motoring and aviation under the name Svenska Aeroplan AB, where AB means (limited company in Swedish), so the resulting acronym was Saab. Later the name was changed to Saab AB. In 1940, they created a division for cars called Saab Automobile.
In its 75 years of existence, this company has experienced severe criticism, so it had to be purchased on several occasions. Finally, in December 2011 the company is officially declared bankruptcy, leaving only alive to Saab Parts, to supply the market of automotive parts. However, this company has left important models in the history of motor racing that were considered safe and resistant.
History of Saab Automobile
Originally created to build airplanes and cars, Saab decided to open a subsidiary specialized in the automobile industry which was called Saab Automobile. This happened in 1940. They built the plant in Trollhattan, Sweden, which has been until now the main house of this brand. This was mainly characterized by its good engines and the safety of their vehicles.
This company first car was the Saab 92, which appeared on June 10, 1947 and was creation of a small group of aircraft. The result was a car with front drive, two-door and four-seater. The twin-cylinder engine was in front and wheels have independent suspension. Designed by the prestigious Swedish House Sixten Sason. In the following years, kept this basic design but changed their technical specifications, as well as the names of their versions.
It was the Saab 96, which came out in 1960, which allowed to increase production to 50,000 units annually. The 96 was an easy to maintain car, very solid and winner in competitions such as the England and two Monte Carlo Rally. With this publicity and advantageous situation, this truck was able to consolidate the brand in the United States. Curious fact: the Saab 96 was one of the first to place safety belt.
Came the Saab 99 in 1967, now with a four-cylinder engine, designed and built by Triumph, in England. In those years the company merged with Scania, so it was renamed Saab-Scania AB. Thanks to this union, the Saab 99 production increased and interesting versions came away as the EMS, which used injection and 150 hp engine. In 1977 came out Turbo, the first vehicle turbocharged winning a Rally (did Sting Blomqvist in the Rally of Sweden). Things went uphill for the brand, which became the 90?s recognized by the public and other manufacturers.
In 1990, General Motors acquired 51% of the shares of Saab Automobile. By then, the Swedish firm had exceeded the mark of 2 million units produced. A decade later, General Motors was convinced to buy the remaining half and became part of his industrial group. The brand used Opel parts in their cars and they were always highlighted by its turbo power and aeronautical qualities.
Present of Saab Automobile
However, and contrary to all expectations, the situation was going to get bad ten years later. The brand was ravaged by a major crisis that forced General Motors to band the Dutch manufacturer Spyker sports. This company made strenuous efforts for more than one year, but eventually had to declare bankruptcy to Saab Automobile.