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History of Renault

Renault, based in Boulogne-Billancourt, is one of the pioneers of the French automotive industry (together with Peugeot). It is one of the leading manufacturers in the sector across Europe, and 11, according to the OICA 2006 study ranks worldwide. Its slogan is Cr?ateur d'automobiles, i.e. 'creator cars'.

Renault has an active participation of 44.4% in Nissan, while Nissan owns 15% of the shares of Renault in turn. Both companies maintain a strong alliance, while fully retaining its autonomy. In addition Renault owns Samsung Motors and Dacia.

It was founded in 1898 by Louis Renault, together with his brothers Marcel and Fernand, as well as Francois Pefaure; under the name of Renault Fr?res. After the death of Marcel Renault in 1903, and Fernand Renault in 1907, the society remained in the hands of Louis Renault and changed its name to "Soci?t? des Automobiles Renault".

The first cars that were manufactured were aimed at affluent people, with an approximate cost of 3,000 francs. Considering that such limited market, they began to manufacture trucks and taxis. When world war I broke out in 1914, Renault began to produce ammunition, military aircraft and tanks. After the war diversified activities, dabbling with agricultural machinery and aircraft engines. The first network of distributors was formed in 1920.

During the second world war, the factories of the company supported the nazi army, so Louis Renault was subsequently imprisoned (in 1944), and was behind bars, possibly murdered. The factories were confiscated by the provisional Government; nationalised with the name of R?gie Nationale des Usines Renault (Renault factories national network).

In 1986 the French Government raised its privatization, and a decade later (July 1996) was completely unrelated State administration. Between 1979 and 1987, Renault was owner of most of American Motors Corporation (AMC), which would be later sold to Chrysler.

In the 2000s emerged some difficulties for Renault, due to reasons such as the saturation of the automotive market in Europe and ageing range of Renault models. Although in 2005 came the Clio III - with undeniable success, three cars created for a wide range were a resounding commercial flop: the Avantime (luxury minivan), the Vel Satis (premium sedan) and the Modus (micro MPV of city).

Sales of the mark continued to fall an average of 8% per year, and lose the market share at a worrying pace. Recently in 2009 the sales quota left lower, showing positive signs (with the Megane as main architect range).

Currently, studies open a manufacturing plant in Israel. In the present, Renault has plans to develop a supercar, whose development could crystallize in the year 2011.

Photo Gallery of Renault

Renault Cars Reviews

Renault Clio

Renault Clio

The Renault Clio was launched as a super-mini car in 1990 by the French car manufacturer Renault. 2012 saw the fourth generation of the car being rolled out. It has seen substantial success since its launch.

Renault Kangoo

Renault Kangoo

Since 1997, the Kangoo Express and Renault Kangoo are leisure activity and panel van vehicles manufactured by a French automaker, named as Renault. The Kangoo is produced at the plant of MCA in various places such as Maubeuge in France, Casablanca in Morocco and Santa Isabel in Argentina.

Renault Fluence

Renault Fluence

Manufactured by a French automaker, Fluence is a family car in the small car segment manufactured by Renault. This car is manufactured for Latin American market at the Santa Isabel Factory, Cordoba, Argentina and the Oyk-Renault plant, Bursa, Turkey.

Technical characteristics of Renault Models

Name Year Power Fuel
1 Renault Clio II Sport Phase 2 2001 168HP (123 kW) @ 6250 rpm 8 l/100km
2 Renault Laguna II 2.0 dCi 2006 150HP (110 kW) @ 4000 rpm 5.8 l/100km
3 Renault Megane II Sport Sedan 1.5 dCi 2003 81HP (59 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.5 l/100km
4 Renault 25 V6 Injection 1984 146HP (107 kW) @ 5500 rpm 9.3 l/100km
5 Renault Megane Coup? dCi 130 DPF 2008 129HP (95 kW) @ 3750 rpm 5.1 l/100km
6 Renault Grand Scenic TCe 130 2009 130HP (96 kW) @ 5500 rpm 7.1 l/100km
7 Renault Laguna II 1.9 dCi 2000 99HP (73 kW) @ 4000 rpm 5.4 l/100km
8 Renault Grand Scenic 2.0 dCi 150 FAP 2009 150HP (110 kW) @ 3750 rpm 7 l/100km
9 Renault 5 TS 1984 63HP (47 kW) @ 5250 rpm 9.3 l/100km
10 Renault Megane II Sport Hatch 1.4 16v 2002 97HP (71 kW) @ 6000 rpm 6.7 l/100km
11 Renault Laguna GT Sport Tourer 2.0 dCi 2008 178HP (131 kW) @ 3750 rpm 6.7 l/100km
12 Renault 19 Chamade 1.8 MPI 1992 111HP (82 kW) @ 5500 rpm 9.3 l/100km
13 Renault Megane II Renault Sport 2003 224HP (164 kW) @ 5500 rpm 8.8 l/100km
14 Renault Megane Coupe 2.0 16v 2002 137HP (101 kW) @ 5500 rpm 7.5 l/100km
15 Renault Megane II Sport Hatch 1.5dCi 80 2003 79HP (58 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.6 l/100km

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