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History of Volkswagen

Volkswagen is one of the brands history most major automobile manufacturers. It is headquartered in Wolfsburg, Germany, and integrates the Volkswagen Group, the automotive transnational largest in Europe and one of the most important in the world because it encompasses also Audi, SEAT, ?koda, Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini and Scania.

It has more than 60 production plants worldwide and sells its vehicles in more than 153 different countries. The company's name means 'village auto' (Volks Wagen).

Sources of Volkswagen

In the 1930s, in Germany did the initiative make a car accessible to all people. When Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, promoted the automotive industry to make it so or more competitive than the English and French. Launches a contest that Ferdinand Porsche ends up winning, in order to develop a simple and inexpensive car. The idea was to be able to carry five people and reach 100 km/h. And go that they did, with the legendary "Beetle" or "Beetle".

Initially it manufactured a sedan called "type 12" made by Porsche at the request of the company's motorcycles Zundapp. Then came the "type 32","60", "V1", among others. In 1936 was a prototype with 70 cc and 22 HP engine. That same year was upgraded to the "V1" under the name of VW3, which was very similar to the KdF Wagen Wagen (Kraft durch Freude: 'strength through Joy', a name chosen by the own Hitler) that was later. The later version was the "VW30".

Then Porsche traveled to the United States to learn American techniques. Driving to the final prototypes testing was performed between October 22 and December 22, 1936. Finally in the 38 year old began to build the KdF Wagen factory. In 1939 came various pre-production cars.

Volkswagen and the Second World War

At the outset the second world war, were military models, even an amphibian known as "type 128". But the plant was attacked by enemies, due to its strategic importance. On April 8, 1944, fifty-six bombings caused material and human damage. Three weeks after a Boeing B-17 unmanned, crashed causing considerable damage. Then there were four major attacks, causing about 50 dead and 150 wounded.

On April 18 of 45 American troops took possession of the plant. It is almost destroyed, but the then Chief responsible for factory - Rudolf Br?rmann - opposed fiercely. At the end of the war, the creator of beetle (Ferdinand Porsche) was imprisoned for involvement with the nazi regime, but then came free and founded his own company.

Consolidation of Volkswagen

On December 27, 1945 it began to produce in series the Beetle itself, this time in purely civilian version. In the 1950s he had finished become car of the people both in Europe as America. In the 55' left the exemplary number a million, and in 1972 broke the record of the Ford T with more units manufactured in the world, with nothing less que15.007.034 made Volkswagen. Although it stopped production within Germany, until 1985 continued in Brazil (returning in 1993 to 96), and in Mexico without interruption until 2003.

But the beetle has not been the only flagship model in the history of Volkswagen. Golf with immediate success was introduced in 1974. Then came the Lupo and Polo. In 1998 appeared New Beetle, based on the old but completely modernised and powered by new times.

As we see, the history of this German brand has a lot to do with the of its legendary beetle model. Today Volkswagen is one of the world leaders in production of vehicles, permanently contested the post #1 with General Motors and Toyota.

Photo Gallery of Volkswagen

Volkswagen Cars Reviews

Volkswagen Gol

Volkswagen Gol

A subcompact entry level car of Volkswagen do Brasil, the Volkswagen Gol hit the market in the year 1980. The car was first introduced in South America and it was the successor for the Volkswagen Beetle (Fusca).

Volkswagen Touareg

Volkswagen Touareg

Volkswagen Touareg, a mid size SUV by Volkswagen from more than a decade, the car manufactured in Volkswagen's plant based in Bratislava, its place in North Africa. Considering this manufacturer decides to name it after Tuareg people, a member of Berber people of western & central Sahara.

Volkswagen Golf

Volkswagen Golf

Volkswagen the German automobile giant started manufacturing Volkswagen Golf from 1974 onwards. A unique feature of Volkswagen Golf was that it was marketed in different parts of the world under different names.

Technical characteristics of Volkswagen Models

Name Year Power Fuel
1 Volkswagen Bora Variant 1.6 2004 105HP (77 kW) @ 5700 rpm 7 l/100km
2 Volkswagen CrossGolf 1.6 2007 101HP (74 kW) @ 5600 rpm 7.7 l/100km
3 Volkswagen Golf GTi 1985 111HP (82 kW) @ 5500 rpm 7.8 l/100km
4 Volkswagen Touareg W12 Sport 2004 450HP (331 kW) @ 6000 rpm 9.6 l/100km
5 Volkswagen Bora 1.6 2001 104HP (76 kW) @ 5700 rpm 13.8 l/100km
6 Volkswagen Passat LS Estate 1975 76HP (55 kW) @ 5600 rpm 7.8 l/100km
7 Volkswagen Touareg R50 2008 349HP (257 kW) @ 3500 rpm 12.6 l/100km
8 Volkswagen Golf GTi 1991 116HP (85 kW) @ 5400 rpm 7.8 l/100km
9 Volkswagen Polo 1.9 TDI 2006 129HP (95 kW) @ 4000 rpm 5.2 l/100km
10 Volkswagen CrossTouran 2.0 TDI DSG 2006 170HP (125 kW) @ 4200 rpm 7 l/100km
11 Volkswagen Passat Sedan TDI 2004 136HP (100 kW) @ 4000 rpm n/a
12 Volkswagen Microbus de Luxe 1960 30HP (22 kW) @ 3400 rpm 7.8 l/100km
13 Volkswagen Passat C 1.6 1985 75HP (55 kW) @ 5000 rpm 7.8 l/100km
14 Volkswagen Jetta 2.0 TDI 2005 139HP (102 kW) @ 4000 rpm 5.5 l/100km
15 Volkswagen New Beetle 2.5 2006 150HP (110 kW) @ 5000 rpm n/a

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