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History of Volkswagen

Volkswagen is one of the brands history most major automobile manufacturers. It is headquartered in Wolfsburg, Germany, and integrates the Volkswagen Group, the automotive transnational largest in Europe and one of the most important in the world because it encompasses also Audi, SEAT, ?koda, Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini and Scania.

It has more than 60 production plants worldwide and sells its vehicles in more than 153 different countries. The company's name means 'village auto' (Volks Wagen).

Sources of Volkswagen

In the 1930s, in Germany did the initiative make a car accessible to all people. When Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, promoted the automotive industry to make it so or more competitive than the English and French. Launches a contest that Ferdinand Porsche ends up winning, in order to develop a simple and inexpensive car. The idea was to be able to carry five people and reach 100 km/h. And go that they did, with the legendary "Beetle" or "Beetle".

Initially it manufactured a sedan called "type 12" made by Porsche at the request of the company's motorcycles Zundapp. Then came the "type 32","60", "V1", among others. In 1936 was a prototype with 70 cc and 22 HP engine. That same year was upgraded to the "V1" under the name of VW3, which was very similar to the KdF Wagen Wagen (Kraft durch Freude: 'strength through Joy', a name chosen by the own Hitler) that was later. The later version was the "VW30".

Then Porsche traveled to the United States to learn American techniques. Driving to the final prototypes testing was performed between October 22 and December 22, 1936. Finally in the 38 year old began to build the KdF Wagen factory. In 1939 came various pre-production cars.

Volkswagen and the Second World War

At the outset the second world war, were military models, even an amphibian known as "type 128". But the plant was attacked by enemies, due to its strategic importance. On April 8, 1944, fifty-six bombings caused material and human damage. Three weeks after a Boeing B-17 unmanned, crashed causing considerable damage. Then there were four major attacks, causing about 50 dead and 150 wounded.

On April 18 of 45 American troops took possession of the plant. It is almost destroyed, but the then Chief responsible for factory - Rudolf Br?rmann - opposed fiercely. At the end of the war, the creator of beetle (Ferdinand Porsche) was imprisoned for involvement with the nazi regime, but then came free and founded his own company.

Consolidation of Volkswagen

On December 27, 1945 it began to produce in series the Beetle itself, this time in purely civilian version. In the 1950s he had finished become car of the people both in Europe as America. In the 55' left the exemplary number a million, and in 1972 broke the record of the Ford T with more units manufactured in the world, with nothing less que15.007.034 made Volkswagen. Although it stopped production within Germany, until 1985 continued in Brazil (returning in 1993 to 96), and in Mexico without interruption until 2003.

But the beetle has not been the only flagship model in the history of Volkswagen. Golf with immediate success was introduced in 1974. Then came the Lupo and Polo. In 1998 appeared New Beetle, based on the old but completely modernised and powered by new times.

As we see, the history of this German brand has a lot to do with the of its legendary beetle model. Today Volkswagen is one of the world leaders in production of vehicles, permanently contested the post #1 with General Motors and Toyota.

Photo Gallery of Volkswagen

Volkswagen Cars Reviews

Volkswagen Polo

Volkswagen Polo

The very subcompact super-mini car which has been produced and marketed by Volkswagen has its sale in Europe and the rest markets worldwide and is available in number of variants which include coupe, hatchback and saloon.

Volkswagen Caddy

Volkswagen Caddy

Volkswagen Caddy, a light weight seven sitted vehicle is a part of Volkswagen Group from over three decades and now it is in third generation of production. It was introduced in global market in 1980 before hitting the markets of Europe in 1982.

Volkswagen Golf

Volkswagen Golf

Volkswagen the German automobile giant started manufacturing Volkswagen Golf from 1974 onwards. A unique feature of Volkswagen Golf was that it was marketed in different parts of the world under different names.

Technical characteristics of Volkswagen Models

Name Year Power Fuel
1 Volkswagen Passat Sedan 1.8T Automatic 2004 170HP (125 kW) @ 5900 rpm n/a
2 Volkswagen 1600 A 1972 45HP (33 kW) @ 3800 rpm 7.8 l/100km
3 Volkswagen Golf 2.0 Automatic 1997 115HP (85 kW) @ 5200 rpm 7.8 l/100km
4 Volkswagen Golf 1.5 1974 71HP (52 kW) @ 5800 rpm 7.8 l/100km
5 Volkswagen up! 2011 60HP (44 kW) @ 5000 rpm 4.5 l/100km
6 Volkswagen Jetta Wagon 2.0 2004 115HP (85 kW) @ 5200 rpm n/a
7 Volkswagen 411 LE 1970 81HP (59 kW) @ 4900 rpm 7.8 l/100km
8 Volkswagen Microbus 1999 234HP (172 kW) @ 6200 rpm 9 l/100km
9 Volkswagen Golf 1.6 TDI DSG 2011 105HP (77 kW) @ 4400 rpm 4.7 l/100km
10 Volkswagen Polo Vivo 1.4 Sedan Tiptronic 2010 85HP (63 kW) @ 5000 rpm 6.6 l/100km
11 Volkswagen Passat 2.0 2004 130HP (95 kW) @ 5700 rpm 8.1 l/100km
12 Volkswagen Bora Variant 2.3 V5 2004 170HP (125 kW) @ 6200 rpm 8.8 l/100km
13 Volkswagen Golf 2.0 TDI 4MOTION 2011 140HP (103 kW) @ 4200 rpm 5.5 l/100km
14 Volkswagen Karmann Cheetah 1971 85HP (62 kW) @ 5800 rpm 7.8 l/100km
15 Volkswagen Passat GT 16v 1988 137HP (101 kW) @ 6100 rpm 7.8 l/100km

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