History of Renault

Renault, based in Boulogne-Billancourt, is one of the pioneers of the French automotive industry (together with Peugeot). It is one of the leading manufacturers in the sector across Europe, and 11, according to the OICA 2006 study ranks worldwide. Its slogan is Cr?ateur d'automobiles, i.e. 'creator cars'.

Renault has an active participation of 44.4% in Nissan, while Nissan owns 15% of the shares of Renault in turn. Both companies maintain a strong alliance, while fully retaining its autonomy. In addition Renault owns Samsung Motors and Dacia.

It was founded in 1898 by Louis Renault, together with his brothers Marcel and Fernand, as well as Francois Pefaure; under the name of Renault Fr?res. After the death of Marcel Renault in 1903, and Fernand Renault in 1907, the society remained in the hands of Louis Renault and changed its name to "Soci?t? des Automobiles Renault".

The first cars that were manufactured were aimed at affluent people, with an approximate cost of 3,000 francs. Considering that such limited market, they began to manufacture trucks and taxis. When world war I broke out in 1914, Renault began to produce ammunition, military aircraft and tanks. After the war diversified activities, dabbling with agricultural machinery and aircraft engines. The first network of distributors was formed in 1920.

During the second world war, the factories of the company supported the nazi army, so Louis Renault was subsequently imprisoned (in 1944), and was behind bars, possibly murdered. The factories were confiscated by the provisional Government; nationalised with the name of R?gie Nationale des Usines Renault (Renault factories national network).

In 1986 the French Government raised its privatization, and a decade later (July 1996) was completely unrelated State administration. Between 1979 and 1987, Renault was owner of most of American Motors Corporation (AMC), which would be later sold to Chrysler.

In the 2000s emerged some difficulties for Renault, due to reasons such as the saturation of the automotive market in Europe and ageing range of Renault models. Although in 2005 came the Clio III - with undeniable success, three cars created for a wide range were a resounding commercial flop: the Avantime (luxury minivan), the Vel Satis (premium sedan) and the Modus (micro MPV of city).

Sales of the mark continued to fall an average of 8% per year, and lose the market share at a worrying pace. Recently in 2009 the sales quota left lower, showing positive signs (with the Megane as main architect range).

Currently, studies open a manufacturing plant in Israel. In the present, Renault has plans to develop a supercar, whose development could crystallize in the year 2011.

Photo Gallery of Renault

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Renault Cars Reviews

Renault Master

Renault Master

In all the presented automobiles, this Renault master is a high standard van and big in size that is manufactured by a French company named Renault from 1980 and continued till now to its third generation.

Renault Kangoo

Renault Kangoo

Since 1997, the Kangoo Express and Renault Kangoo are leisure activity and panel van vehicles manufactured by a French automaker, named as Renault. The Kangoo is produced at the plant of MCA in various places such as Maubeuge in France, Casablanca in Morocco and Santa Isabel in Argentina.

Renault Traffic

Renault Traffic

With a joint venture, rebadged simple commercial vans like Nissan Primastar, Renault Traffic and Opel Vivaro were created and earlier series of Renault Traffic was sold by Chevrolet company and its original and unique generation is at present traded by Tata Motors in India. And in this regard, Opel has made it sure that they are going to manufacture the next invention Vivaro in 2013 as the GSM Luton plant where automobiles are manufactured.

Technical characteristics of Renault Models

Name Year Power Fuel
1 Renault Espace 2.2i Quadra 1991 108HP (79 kW) @ 5000 rpm 9.3 l/100km
2 Renault Megane II Sport Tourer 1.6 16v Automatic 2003 112HP (82 kW) @ 6000 rpm 7.7 l/100km
3 Renault 5 TL 1980 35HP (26 kW) @ 4400 rpm 9.3 l/100km
4 Renault Clio 1.5 dCi Automatic 2009 85HP (63 kW) @ 3750 rpm 4.4 l/100km
5 Renault Clio 2.0 16v Automatic 2006 138HP (102 kW) @ 6000 rpm 7.9 l/100km
6 Renault Clio II 1.4 16v 2002 97HP (71 kW) @ 6000 rpm 6.7 l/100km
7 Renault Laguna II 2.0 T 16v Sport Tourer 2002 164HP (120 kW) @ 5000 rpm 12.4 l/100km
8 Renault 21 TXE 1986 121HP (89 kW) @ 5500 rpm 9.3 l/100km
9 Renault 19 Chamade 1.2i RN 1992 58HP (43 kW) @ 6000 rpm 9.3 l/100km
10 Renault 9 GTS 1982 73HP (53 kW) @ 5750 rpm 9.3 l/100km
11 Renault 5 GT Turbo 1986 116HP (85 kW) @ 5750 rpm 9.3 l/100km
12 Renault 45 hp 1925 n/a 9.3 l/100km
13 Renault Wind 1.6 16v 2010 133HP (98 kW) @ 6750 rpm 7 l/100km
14 Renault Twingo 1.2 16v 2004 59HP (44 kW) @ 5500 rpm 4.9 l/100km
15 Renault Megane Estate dCi 90 FAP 2009 90HP (66 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.4 l/100km