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History of Renault

Renault, based in Boulogne-Billancourt, is one of the pioneers of the French automotive industry (together with Peugeot). It is one of the leading manufacturers in the sector across Europe, and 11, according to the OICA 2006 study ranks worldwide. Its slogan is Cr?ateur d'automobiles, i.e. 'creator cars'.

Renault has an active participation of 44.4% in Nissan, while Nissan owns 15% of the shares of Renault in turn. Both companies maintain a strong alliance, while fully retaining its autonomy. In addition Renault owns Samsung Motors and Dacia.

It was founded in 1898 by Louis Renault, together with his brothers Marcel and Fernand, as well as Francois Pefaure; under the name of Renault Fr?res. After the death of Marcel Renault in 1903, and Fernand Renault in 1907, the society remained in the hands of Louis Renault and changed its name to "Soci?t? des Automobiles Renault".

The first cars that were manufactured were aimed at affluent people, with an approximate cost of 3,000 francs. Considering that such limited market, they began to manufacture trucks and taxis. When world war I broke out in 1914, Renault began to produce ammunition, military aircraft and tanks. After the war diversified activities, dabbling with agricultural machinery and aircraft engines. The first network of distributors was formed in 1920.

During the second world war, the factories of the company supported the nazi army, so Louis Renault was subsequently imprisoned (in 1944), and was behind bars, possibly murdered. The factories were confiscated by the provisional Government; nationalised with the name of R?gie Nationale des Usines Renault (Renault factories national network).

In 1986 the French Government raised its privatization, and a decade later (July 1996) was completely unrelated State administration. Between 1979 and 1987, Renault was owner of most of American Motors Corporation (AMC), which would be later sold to Chrysler.

In the 2000s emerged some difficulties for Renault, due to reasons such as the saturation of the automotive market in Europe and ageing range of Renault models. Although in 2005 came the Clio III - with undeniable success, three cars created for a wide range were a resounding commercial flop: the Avantime (luxury minivan), the Vel Satis (premium sedan) and the Modus (micro MPV of city).

Sales of the mark continued to fall an average of 8% per year, and lose the market share at a worrying pace. Recently in 2009 the sales quota left lower, showing positive signs (with the Megane as main architect range).

Currently, studies open a manufacturing plant in Israel. In the present, Renault has plans to develop a supercar, whose development could crystallize in the year 2011.

Photo Gallery of Renault

Renault Cars Reviews

Renault 12

Renault 12

Marketed for nearly 12 years during 1969-1980 by the French Automobile Company Renault, the Renault 12 is out and out a family car. The car is available in two forms as saloon as well as estate.

Renault Sandero

Renault Sandero

A French manufacturer named Renault jointly produced a Dacia Sandero since 2007 which is a fantastic mini car along with his Romanian subordinate Dacia. It was advertised as the Renault Sandero in markets of Russia, South America and South Africa.

Renault Twingo

Renault Twingo

Presented to the world market for the first time in September, 1992 at the Paris Motor Show, the city car, the Twingo is manufactured by Renault. Primarily, Its first generation was launched to the continental European markets in 1993, while the second generation of the car was launched to the market in the summers of 2007.

Technical characteristics of Renault Models

Name Year Power Fuel
1 Renault Le Car De Luxe 1982 50HP (37 kW) @ 5000 rpm 9.3 l/100km
2 Renault Clio II Sport Phase 2 2001 168HP (123 kW) @ 6250 rpm 8 l/100km
3 Renault Espace 2.0 16V JE 2001 139HP (102 kW) @ 5500 rpm 8.9 l/100km
4 Renault Clio III 1.5 dCi 2005 106HP (78 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.6 l/100km
5 Renault Laguna II 1.9 dCi 2000 119HP (88 kW) @ 4000 rpm 5.5 l/100km
6 Renault 19 Chamade 1.9 Turbodiesel RT 1992 91HP (67 kW) @ 4250 rpm 9.3 l/100km
7 Renault Laguna Coup? 2.0 dCi 180 2008 180HP (132 kW) @ 3750 rpm 6.5 l/100km
8 Renault Laguna 2.0 dCi 130 FAP 2007 129HP (95 kW) @ 4000 rpm 6 l/100km
9 Renault Modus 1.5 dCi 2007 105HP (77 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.7 l/100km
10 Renault Laguna II 2.0 IDE 16V 2000 139HP (102 kW) @ 5750 rpm 7.7 l/100km
11 Renault 9 C 1982 48HP (35 kW) @ 5250 rpm 9.3 l/100km
12 Renault 16 1965 59HP (44 kW) @ 5000 rpm 9.3 l/100km
13 Renault Megane Coupe 1.9 dTi 1996 98HP (72 kW) @ 4000 rpm 7.3 l/100km
14 Renault 17 Gordini 1974 109HP (80 kW) @ 6000 rpm 9.3 l/100km
15 Renault Megane Coup? dCi 130 DPF 2008 129HP (95 kW) @ 3750 rpm 5.1 l/100km

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