History of Renault

Renault, based in Boulogne-Billancourt, is one of the pioneers of the French automotive industry (together with Peugeot). It is one of the leading manufacturers in the sector across Europe, and 11, according to the OICA 2006 study ranks worldwide. Its slogan is Cr?ateur d'automobiles, i.e. 'creator cars'.

Renault has an active participation of 44.4% in Nissan, while Nissan owns 15% of the shares of Renault in turn. Both companies maintain a strong alliance, while fully retaining its autonomy. In addition Renault owns Samsung Motors and Dacia.

It was founded in 1898 by Louis Renault, together with his brothers Marcel and Fernand, as well as Francois Pefaure; under the name of Renault Fr?res. After the death of Marcel Renault in 1903, and Fernand Renault in 1907, the society remained in the hands of Louis Renault and changed its name to "Soci?t? des Automobiles Renault".

The first cars that were manufactured were aimed at affluent people, with an approximate cost of 3,000 francs. Considering that such limited market, they began to manufacture trucks and taxis. When world war I broke out in 1914, Renault began to produce ammunition, military aircraft and tanks. After the war diversified activities, dabbling with agricultural machinery and aircraft engines. The first network of distributors was formed in 1920.

During the second world war, the factories of the company supported the nazi army, so Louis Renault was subsequently imprisoned (in 1944), and was behind bars, possibly murdered. The factories were confiscated by the provisional Government; nationalised with the name of R?gie Nationale des Usines Renault (Renault factories national network).

In 1986 the French Government raised its privatization, and a decade later (July 1996) was completely unrelated State administration. Between 1979 and 1987, Renault was owner of most of American Motors Corporation (AMC), which would be later sold to Chrysler.

In the 2000s emerged some difficulties for Renault, due to reasons such as the saturation of the automotive market in Europe and ageing range of Renault models. Although in 2005 came the Clio III - with undeniable success, three cars created for a wide range were a resounding commercial flop: the Avantime (luxury minivan), the Vel Satis (premium sedan) and the Modus (micro MPV of city).

Sales of the mark continued to fall an average of 8% per year, and lose the market share at a worrying pace. Recently in 2009 the sales quota left lower, showing positive signs (with the Megane as main architect range).

Currently, studies open a manufacturing plant in Israel. In the present, Renault has plans to develop a supercar, whose development could crystallize in the year 2011.

Photo Gallery of Renault

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Renault Cars Reviews

Renault Kangoo

Renault Kangoo

Since 1997, the Kangoo Express and Renault Kangoo are leisure activity and panel van vehicles manufactured by a French automaker, named as Renault. The Kangoo is produced at the plant of MCA in various places such as Maubeuge in France, Casablanca in Morocco and Santa Isabel in Argentina.

Renault Traffic

Renault Traffic

With a joint venture, rebadged simple commercial vans like Nissan Primastar, Renault Traffic and Opel Vivaro were created and earlier series of Renault Traffic was sold by Chevrolet company and its original and unique generation is at present traded by Tata Motors in India. And in this regard, Opel has made it sure that they are going to manufacture the next invention Vivaro in 2013 as the GSM Luton plant where automobiles are manufactured.

Renault Twingo

Renault Twingo

Presented to the world market for the first time in September, 1992 at the Paris Motor Show, the city car, the Twingo is manufactured by Renault. Primarily, Its first generation was launched to the continental European markets in 1993, while the second generation of the car was launched to the market in the summers of 2007.

Technical characteristics of Renault Models

Name Year Power Fuel
1 Renault Clio 1.5 dCi DPF 2009 105HP (78 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.7 l/100km
2 Renault Laguna II 1.8 16v 2000 117HP (86 kW) @ 5750 rpm 7.5 l/100km
3 Renault 20 GTD 1982 64HP (47 kW) @ 4500 rpm 9.3 l/100km
4 Renault Megane II Coup?-Cabriolet 2.0 dCi 2006 150HP (110 kW) @ 4000 rpm 5.7 l/100km
5 Renault Clio 1.5 dCi DPF 2009 105HP (78 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.7 l/100km
6 Renault Laguna II Sport Tourer 2.0T 2005 170HP (125 kW) @ 5000 rpm 8.5 l/100km
7 Renault Espace IV 2.2 dCI 2002 150HP (110 kW) @ 4000 rpm 7.7 l/100km
8 Renault 16 1965 59HP (44 kW) @ 5000 rpm 9.3 l/100km
9 Renault Megane Classic 1.9 RT dTi 1999 98HP (72 kW) @ 4000 rpm 5.2 l/100km
10 Renault 19 TRE 1988 55HP (41 kW) @ 5000 rpm 9.3 l/100km
11 Renault Clio Renault Sport Cup 2009 201HP (148 kW) @ 7100 rpm 8.2 l/100km
12 Renault Clio 1.5 dCi DPF 2009 85HP (63 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.7 l/100km
13 Renault 5 1988 46HP (34 kW) @ 5250 rpm 9.3 l/100km
14 Renault Megane II Coup?-Cabriolet 1.9 dCi 2003 119HP (88 kW) @ 4000 rpm 6.9 l/100km
15 Renault Clio III 1.6 Automatic 2005 110HP (81 kW) @ 6000 rpm 7.5 l/100km