History of Renault

Renault, based in Boulogne-Billancourt, is one of the pioneers of the French automotive industry (together with Peugeot). It is one of the leading manufacturers in the sector across Europe, and 11, according to the OICA 2006 study ranks worldwide. Its slogan is Cr?ateur d'automobiles, i.e. 'creator cars'.

Renault has an active participation of 44.4% in Nissan, while Nissan owns 15% of the shares of Renault in turn. Both companies maintain a strong alliance, while fully retaining its autonomy. In addition Renault owns Samsung Motors and Dacia.

It was founded in 1898 by Louis Renault, together with his brothers Marcel and Fernand, as well as Francois Pefaure; under the name of Renault Fr?res. After the death of Marcel Renault in 1903, and Fernand Renault in 1907, the society remained in the hands of Louis Renault and changed its name to "Soci?t? des Automobiles Renault".

The first cars that were manufactured were aimed at affluent people, with an approximate cost of 3,000 francs. Considering that such limited market, they began to manufacture trucks and taxis. When world war I broke out in 1914, Renault began to produce ammunition, military aircraft and tanks. After the war diversified activities, dabbling with agricultural machinery and aircraft engines. The first network of distributors was formed in 1920.

During the second world war, the factories of the company supported the nazi army, so Louis Renault was subsequently imprisoned (in 1944), and was behind bars, possibly murdered. The factories were confiscated by the provisional Government; nationalised with the name of R?gie Nationale des Usines Renault (Renault factories national network).

In 1986 the French Government raised its privatization, and a decade later (July 1996) was completely unrelated State administration. Between 1979 and 1987, Renault was owner of most of American Motors Corporation (AMC), which would be later sold to Chrysler.

In the 2000s emerged some difficulties for Renault, due to reasons such as the saturation of the automotive market in Europe and ageing range of Renault models. Although in 2005 came the Clio III - with undeniable success, three cars created for a wide range were a resounding commercial flop: the Avantime (luxury minivan), the Vel Satis (premium sedan) and the Modus (micro MPV of city).

Sales of the mark continued to fall an average of 8% per year, and lose the market share at a worrying pace. Recently in 2009 the sales quota left lower, showing positive signs (with the Megane as main architect range).

Currently, studies open a manufacturing plant in Israel. In the present, Renault has plans to develop a supercar, whose development could crystallize in the year 2011.

Photo Gallery of Renault

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Renault Cars Reviews

Renault 12

Renault 12

Marketed for nearly 12 years during 1969-1980 by the French Automobile Company Renault, the Renault 12 is out and out a family car. The car is available in two forms as saloon as well as estate.

Renault Kangoo

Renault Kangoo

Since 1997, the Kangoo Express and Renault Kangoo are leisure activity and panel van vehicles manufactured by a French automaker, named as Renault. The Kangoo is produced at the plant of MCA in various places such as Maubeuge in France, Casablanca in Morocco and Santa Isabel in Argentina.

Renault Sandero

Renault Sandero

A French manufacturer named Renault jointly produced a Dacia Sandero since 2007 which is a fantastic mini car along with his Romanian subordinate Dacia. It was advertised as the Renault Sandero in markets of Russia, South America and South Africa.

Technical characteristics of Renault Models

Name Year Power Fuel
1 Renault 20 TL 1976 97HP (71 kW) @ 5750 rpm 9.3 l/100km
2 Renault 18 TS Break 5-Speed 1978 80HP (58 kW) @ 5500 rpm 9.3 l/100km
3 Renault Laguna GT Sport Tourer 2.0 Turbo 2008 203HP (149 kW) @ 5000 rpm 8.3 l/100km
4 Renault Nepta 2006 419HP (308 kW) @ 0 rpm 4.5 l/100km
5 Renault Scenic II 2.0 16v Automatic 2006 134HP (99 kW) @ 5500 rpm 8.6 l/100km
6 Renault 5 1988 54HP (40 kW) @ 5250 rpm 9.3 l/100km
7 Renault Megane Classic 1.6 RT 16v 1999 108HP (79 kW) @ 5750 rpm n/a
8 Renault Megane Estate dCi 90 FAP 2009 90HP (66 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.4 l/100km
9 Renault Espace 2.8i V6 RXE 1991 152HP (111 kW) @ 5400 rpm 9.3 l/100km
10 Renault Modus 1.6 2004 87HP (64 kW) @ 5000 rpm 6.8 l/100km
11 Renault Grand Scenic 2.0 16v 2009 143HP (105 kW) @ 6000 rpm 7.7 l/100km
12 Renault 11 Turbo 1986 116HP (85 kW) @ 5750 rpm 9.3 l/100km
13 Renault Megane Break 1.9 dTi 2002 79HP (58 kW) @ 4000 rpm 5.6 l/100km
14 Renault Megane dCi 130 2008 129HP (95 kW) @ 3750 rpm 5.1 l/100km
15 Renault Victoria Rothschild DG 1913 n/a 9.3 l/100km